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Articles from Americas
Wednesday, September 07, 2011
Fostering Career and College Readiness
By iccdppadm @ 3:37 AM :: 12358 Views :: 10 Comments :: :: Guidance in Schools and Training, Assessing Effectiveness, Americas, USA
This is a very useful summary of research results concerning the impact of career guidance for second level school students on their engagement, retention, academic achievement, transitions to tertiary education and the labour market, and career and life success. It draws significantly on school experience in the USA.
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Thursday, April 07, 2011
Quality Standards in Career Development Services (Canada)
By iccdppadm @ 4:44 PM :: 18457 Views :: 30 Comments :: :: Ensuring Quality, Americas, Canada
This paper was prepared in 2010 for the Career Development Services work group of the Forum for Labour Market Ministers. It provides a snapshot of current practice in quality assurance in Canada among government funded career and employment agencies, third party providers contracted by government, and large community based service providers. It also presents an outline of quality assurance systems used in the European Union and in New Zealand. Its recommendations include national sharing of promising practices in Canada, undertaking a study of Canadian public perception and satisfaction with career services, prioritising impact evidence collection in research, promoting a holistic approach to quality assurance in Canada.
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Tuesday, August 24, 2010
Proposed Performance Measures and State Responses: Analysis and Next Steps
By iccdppadm @ 8:50 PM :: 15497 Views :: 13 Comments :: :: Guidance for Young People at Risk, Guidance for Unemployed Adults, Guidance for Older Adults, Guidance for Disadvantaged Groups, Assessing Effectiveness, Americas, USA

This report (2004) by Chris T King and Sarah Looney of the Ray Marshall Centre of UTA contains a discussion of 30 workforce development performance measures generated by several US states for 7 areas of interest to policy and program leaders and rated by them for usefulness.

The seven areas are: outcomes for employers and the economy; labour market outcomes for program participants; social welfare outcomes; customer satisfaction; skills gains; return on investment; and sub-group and comparative information. A One-Stop Career Centre was one of the features of services examined in this context.

In their review of the measures, the authors used the following lenses: rationale; feasibility; accuracy; validity; systems focus; time frames; and definitions.

While career development services were only one of the program features examined, the lenses used by the authors can be of value to policy makers/developers, delivery service managers, researchers, and leaders of the career guidance community in the search for meaningful policy performance indicators.

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Tuesday, August 24, 2010
By iccdppadm @ 8:35 PM :: 17386 Views :: 8 Comments :: :: Public Policy, Guidance for Young People at Risk, Guidance for Unemployed Adults, Guidance for Older Adults, Guidance for Disadvantaged Groups, Assessing Effectiveness, Americas, USA

This policy brief (2005) by Sarah Looney and Chris T King provides backround to the movement to develop a standard set of performance measures for publicly funded programmes that comprise the US workforce development system. It also reviews two prominent US proposals: common measures proposed by the Office of Management and Budget , and the measures of the Integrated Performance Information Project.

While not specifically dealing with the performance indicators for career guidance/development services and programmes, the content of the policy brief has pertinence for such discussions in the USA and beyond. 

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Friday, August 07, 2009
Translating Career Theory into Practice: The Risk of Unintentional Social Injustice
By iccdppadm @ 1:11 PM :: 13677 Views :: 8 Comments :: :: Career Development, Public Policy, Assessing Effectiveness, Americas, Expanding Access to Guidance, Co-ordination and Leadership, USA

This article, written by Dr Jim Sampson of Florida State University and delivered as a presentation at the IAEVG conference in Jyvaskyla in June 2009, examines two elements of policies for career guidance: the effectiveness of career guidance interventions in relation to cost and access to such interventions by citizens. It commences by identifying the different elements of career guidance and proceeds to examine the translation of career theory to practice, the effectiveness of career guidance interventions, and the access people have to career guidance. Collaborative counselling is proposed as an intervention to improve access. The paper ends with a discussion on how to balance effectiveness and access in career guidance delivery.

In his preparation of this paper, Prof Sampson noted the lack of a comprehensive and consistent evidence base for career guidance interventions and the little or no attention paid to integrating career theory, public policy, and the cost-effectiveness of career guidance interventions.

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Tuesday, May 05, 2009
Venezuela: sistema nacional de orientacion
By iccdppadm @ 2:26 AM :: 13273 Views :: 12 Comments :: :: Career Development, Public Policy, Co-ordination and Leadership, Americas, Venezuela, Latin America

This document was drawn up and recently completed by a national working group consisting of university guidance experts and some representatives of the ministries of education and higher education. Its contents cover the following:

  • Caracterization de la orientacion y del sistema nacional de orientacion
  • Bases legales
  • Mision, vision, objetivos, valores declarados
  • Organizacion: subsistemas, programas y servicios
  • Perfil del profesional de la orientacion.

It is the first such document received from Latin America, thanks to Dr Olga Oliveros of the University of Carabobo, a member of the working group.

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Friday, April 17, 2009
School Dropout Prevention: the What Works Clearinghouse
By iccdppadm @ 3:27 AM :: 18357 Views :: 17 Comments :: :: Career Development, Parents and Career Guidance, Guidance in Schools and Training, Guidance for Young People at Risk, Guidance for Disadvantaged Groups, Co-ordination and Leadership, Americas, USA

School dropout prevention continues to exercise the mind of policy makers in many countries. The European Ministers of Education (2003), for example, established several reform targets for education systems in Europe for the year 2010 including increased participation in the upper end of second level schooling and the reduction of non-completion rates. In the USA the Department of Education established within its confines the Institute for Educational Sciences (IES), one of whose units is known as "What Works Clearing House" (WWC). The role of WWC is to be a central and trusted source of scientific evidence for what works in education. It reviews extant research about programs, policies or practices and assesses the "quality" of the research. Based on the research that meets particular standards, the WWC then reports on what the research indicates about the effectiveness of the program, policy or practice, which can be abbreviated as "the intervention".

The WWC produces three types of reports and a guide:

  • intervention reports which assess all studies of a specific intervention within a topic area, rating each of them on WWC evidence standards;
  • topic reports which compile the information from intervention reports within a topic area and enable WWC users to easily compare the ratings of effectiveness and sizes of effects for numerous interventions in one area;
  • quick reviews designed to provide education practitioners with timely and objective assessments of the quality of the research evidence for recently released research papers and reports, and
  • practice guides that contain practical recommendations for educators to address challenges in their classrooms and schools.

School dropout prevention is one of the topic areas of the WWC. Evidence for following three outcomes is rated for effectiveness:

  • Staying in school
  • Progressing in school
  • Completing school.

Educational and vocational guidance are to be found as part of many dropout prevention strategies but they are only one element of a multidimensional approach to proving solutions to school dropout.

The WWC section on school dropout prevention is essential viewing for all policy makers, researchers and practitioners concerned with this problem.


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Wednesday, April 15, 2009
Connecting Learning and Work: The Government of Alberta, Canada
By iccdppadm @ 1:25 AM :: 20770 Views :: 22 Comments :: :: Career Development, Public Policy, Parents and Career Guidance, Guidance in Schools and Training, Guidance for Employed Adults, Co-ordination and Leadership, Americas, Canada
This brochure outlines how the provincial ministries in Alberta: Education, Advanced Education and Technology, and Employment and Immigration are working together in hte Connecting Learning and Work strategy to support the career development of Albertans from kindergarten through grade 12, post-secondary, and the workplace. It defines the outcomes, priority actions and the expected impact on performance measures of the strategy adopted. The publication recalls the strengths of the career development and education, training and employment systems on which the strategy depends. It also shows the government strategies for other policy areas that Connecting Learning and Work contributes to.
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Monday, October 27, 2008
Making the Case: Demonstrating the Impact of Career Services
By iccdppadm @ 7:22 AM :: 11064 Views :: 5 Comments :: :: Americas, Canada, Co-ordination and Leadership
This is a revised version of the four page summary document published by the British Columbia Career and Workforce Development Alliance. It calls on the career and employment services sector in that province to take an interest in demonstrating the impact of careers services, programmes and interventions. The publication strongly advocates the use of the Canadian Research Work Group (CRWG)Framework on evidence based practice in career development (see this document on this web site- open the section on Policy and Research and scroll down to Assessing Effectiveness; also visit the Assessing Effectiveness Forum for an inspiring article on measuring impact by Stu Conger and Bryan Hiebert).
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Wednesday, October 15, 2008
Orientacion Profesional: Un Manual de recursos para paises de bajos y medianos ingresos
By iccdppadm @ 2:13 AM :: 14130 Views :: 0 Comments :: Developing Countries, Americas, South Asia, Asia Pacific, Africa, International Labour Organisation (ILO), Co-ordination and Leadership

El doble propósito de este OIT (Oficina Internacional de Trabajo) Manual es: (1) focalizar la atención hacia quienes formulan políticasy administran programas en países de bajos y medianos ingresos (PBMI) sobre los temas básicos de la reforma de los servicios de orientación profesional en dichos países; y (2) brindar a los planificadores y especialistas de los programas a nivel nacional y local una amplia variedad de ejemplos de diferentes países y herramientas prácticas de orientación profesional para emplear como modelos para su posible adaptación y uso. El Manual se divide en dos partes que abordan cada uno de estos objetivos.

La primera parte comienza con una revisión de las tendencias internacionales actuales en materia de orientación profesional en los países de altos ingresos y comenta acerca de la pertinencia de esas tendencias en países de bajos y medianos ingresos. En segundo lugar, se presenta un marco de seis elementos clave que deben considerarse en el desarrollo de un sistema de orientación profesional. Estos elementos son: (1) comprensión del contexto de país; (2) desarrollo de la información profesional; (3) promoción de la elección, búsqueda y mantenimiento del trabajo; (4) organización de la oferta de servicios; (5) desarrollo del personal para apoyar la prestación de servicios; y (6) mejoramiento de la gobernabilidad y la coordinación. En tercer lugar, el Manual integra varias prácticas ilustrativas de países en el debate de cada uno de los seis elementos clave. Estas prácticas también sirven por sí solas como lecciones aplicables en la búsqueda de soluciones en la vida real a los desafíos de las políticas públicas.

La segunda parte del Manual indica sitios web específicos de Internet sobre la orientación profesional. Estos sitios incluyen: (1) un inventario de las herramientas y recursos sobre orientación profesional disponibles en Internet de diversos países de altos, medianos y bajos ingresos; y (2) referencias más generales, tales como las normas de competencia internacionales para especialistas de la orientación profesional y normas para el desarrollo de información profesional. La información sobre orientación profesional y las herramientas para el desarrollo de competencias en Internet han proliferado durante los últimos diez años y la accesibilidad a esta información por parte de un público internacional proporciona una ventana sobre las prácticas actuales a nivel mundial. Se pone particular atención en la inclusión de recursos en uso en la actualidad en los países de bajos y medianos ingresos.

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