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Articles from Developing Countries
Kosovo: Career Guidance Policy and Practice Review by ETF
Published on Wednesday, May 27, 2009 @ 1:48 AM by Admin Account
11575 Views :: 6 Comments :: :: Career Development, Public Policy, Developing Countries, Europe, Co-ordination and Leadership

This paper produced by Helmut Zelloth of the European Training Foundation (ETF) traces the history of career guidance provision in the education, training and employment sectors in Kosovo particularly since 2001. Based on field visit observations and relevant documentation, the paper sets out the strengths, weaknesses, and policy and other recommendations for career guidance provision in Kosovo.

Kosovo is a landlocked country with boundaries of 702 kms and a population of 1.8m people. Its population is aged mainly under 28 years.

This paper is a useful description of one country's experience in charting the way forward to developing a policy and system for guidance provision where none existed previously.

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Career Guidance Policies: Global Dynamics, Local Resonances
Published on Thursday, May 21, 2009 @ 6:35 AM by Admin Account
12611 Views :: 5 Comments :: :: Career Development, Public Policy, Developing Countries, Co-ordination and Leadership, Africa, Middle East, EU, Palestine: West Bank and Gaza Strip, Egypt

This Occasional Paper, prepared by Prof Ronald Sultana for iCeGS, UK, in 2008, assesses the dynamics of international policy learning (policy lending and policy borrowing), its possible motives, and key mechanisms by which transfers of learning take place. It raises questions regarding the value and limitations of deterritorialised policy exchange, noting that career guidance practice is firmly rooted in a particular complex of values and meanings that are entwined in the social and economic environment of each country and region.

The author draws on his work experiences in Malta, Palestine and Egypt, to illustrate the way transnational and globalised agendas are reconfigured and reinterpreted at the local level.

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One Year On: An outcome progress report and review of the process of the 4th International Symposium on Career Development and Public Policy
Published on Tuesday, May 05, 2009 @ 3:37 AM by Admin Account
8134 Views :: 2 Comments :: :: Career Development, Public Policy, Developing Countries, Developed Countries, Co-ordination and Leadership

This review charts the progress reported by participants of the Fourth International Symposium on Career Development and Public Policy (UK, 2007) in the national implementation of key messages of the Communique that emanated from the Symposium. The theme of the Symposium was Growth, Groups and Geographies - the Social and Economic Impact of Career Development. The review also explores the personal learning value of the Symposium to the participants, assesses the process of the Symposium itself, and considers the role of the International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy between international symposia.

For the symposium papers and proceedings, view the section on Symposia on this web site.

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Career guidance in the Mediterranean region - comparative analyses by RG Sultana and AG Watts
Published on Sunday, February 15, 2009 @ 3:37 AM by Admin Account
17579 Views :: 15 Comments :: :: Public Policy, Developing Countries, Expanding Access to Guidance, Training and Qualifications, Co-ordination and Leadership, Ensuring Quality, Assessing Effectiveness, Africa, Middle East, European Training Foundation (ETF), Morocco, Turkey, Lebanon, Palestine: West Bank and Gaza Strip, Egypt, Israel, Algeria, Syria, Jordan, Tunisia

An examination of policies for career guidance was one component of a European Union programme (MEDA-ETE) being implemented by the European Training Foundation to support education and training for employment in the Mediterranean region. It involved 10 Mediterranean countries. The research on career guidance policies produced country reports on which this comparative analysis is based. The report covers:

  • the socio-economic context
  • the drivers for change
  • current provision
  • policy issues
  • ways forward.

It also presents country profiles and comparative statistics.

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South African Association for Counselling and Development in Higher Education Newsletter 2008
Published on Friday, January 30, 2009 @ 5:33 AM by Admin Account
10197 Views :: 2 Comments :: :: Developing Countries, Guidance in Tertiary Education, Africa, South Africa
This is the November 2008 Newsletter of the SAACDHE. It highlights the range of professional association activities taking place in higher education across South Africa. Its Guest Column  showcases a traditional African healthcare approach to therapeutic services for students in higher education in South Africa.
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Orientacion Profesional: Un Manual de recursos para paises de bajos y medianos ingresos
Published on Wednesday, October 15, 2008 @ 2:13 AM by Admin Account
12916 Views :: 0 Comments :: Developing Countries, Americas, South Asia, Asia Pacific, Africa, International Labour Organisation (ILO), Co-ordination and Leadership

El doble propósito de este OIT (Oficina Internacional de Trabajo) Manual es: (1) focalizar la atención hacia quienes formulan políticasy administran programas en países de bajos y medianos ingresos (PBMI) sobre los temas básicos de la reforma de los servicios de orientación profesional en dichos países; y (2) brindar a los planificadores y especialistas de los programas a nivel nacional y local una amplia variedad de ejemplos de diferentes países y herramientas prácticas de orientación profesional para emplear como modelos para su posible adaptación y uso. El Manual se divide en dos partes que abordan cada uno de estos objetivos.

La primera parte comienza con una revisión de las tendencias internacionales actuales en materia de orientación profesional en los países de altos ingresos y comenta acerca de la pertinencia de esas tendencias en países de bajos y medianos ingresos. En segundo lugar, se presenta un marco de seis elementos clave que deben considerarse en el desarrollo de un sistema de orientación profesional. Estos elementos son: (1) comprensión del contexto de país; (2) desarrollo de la información profesional; (3) promoción de la elección, búsqueda y mantenimiento del trabajo; (4) organización de la oferta de servicios; (5) desarrollo del personal para apoyar la prestación de servicios; y (6) mejoramiento de la gobernabilidad y la coordinación. En tercer lugar, el Manual integra varias prácticas ilustrativas de países en el debate de cada uno de los seis elementos clave. Estas prácticas también sirven por sí solas como lecciones aplicables en la búsqueda de soluciones en la vida real a los desafíos de las políticas públicas.

La segunda parte del Manual indica sitios web específicos de Internet sobre la orientación profesional. Estos sitios incluyen: (1) un inventario de las herramientas y recursos sobre orientación profesional disponibles en Internet de diversos países de altos, medianos y bajos ingresos; y (2) referencias más generales, tales como las normas de competencia internacionales para especialistas de la orientación profesional y normas para el desarrollo de información profesional. La información sobre orientación profesional y las herramientas para el desarrollo de competencias en Internet han proliferado durante los últimos diez años y la accesibilidad a esta información por parte de un público internacional proporciona una ventana sobre las prácticas actuales a nivel mundial. Se pone particular atención en la inclusión de recursos en uso en la actualidad en los países de bajos y medianos ingresos.

1
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Career Guidance: A Resource Handbook for Low and Middle Income Countries
Published on Wednesday, October 15, 2008 @ 1:58 AM by Admin Account
11823 Views :: 3 Comments :: :: Developing Countries, Americas, South Asia, Asia Pacific, Africa, Middle East, International Labour Organisation (ILO), Co-ordination and Leadership

The dual purpose of this ILO (International Labour Organisation) Handbook is: (1) to focus the attention of policy-makers and programme administrators in low- and middle-income countries upon the core issues in the reform of career guidance services in those countries; and (2) to provide programme planners and practitioners at the national and local levels with a wide variety of country examples and practical career guidance tools to use as models for possible adaptation and use. The Handbook is divided into two parts to address each of these objectives.

Part I first reviews current international trends in career guidance in high-income countries and comments on the relevance of these trends in low- and middle-income countries. Second, a framework is presented of six key elements to be taken into account in the development of a career guidance system. These elements are: (1) understanding the country context; (2) development of career information; (3) promotion of work choice, search and maintenance skills development; (4) organization of service delivery; (5) staff development to support service delivery; and (6) improvement of governance and coordination. Third, the Handbook integrates a number of illustrative country practices into the discussion of each of the six key elements. These practices also stand on their own as applicable lessons in real-life solutions to public policy challenges.

Part II of the Handbook indicates specific career guidance Internet web sites. These comprise:

(1) an inventory of career guidance tools and resources available on the Internet from a variety of high-, middle- and low-income countries; and (2) more general references, such as international competency standards for career guidance professionals and standards for career information development. Career guidance information and skills development tools on the Internet have proliferated in the last ten years, and the accessibility to this information by an international audience provides a window on current practices worldwide.

Particular attention is given to including resources currently in use in low- and middle-income countries

(LMIC)
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Career Guidance, Migration, Labour Market Efficiency, and the Quality of Vocational Training: Is there a link?
Published on Tuesday, August 19, 2008 @ 7:08 AM by Admin Account
14084 Views :: 10 Comments :: :: Public Policy, Developing Countries, Europe, Africa, Middle East
This is the presentation of Dr Aboubakr Abdeen Badawi of Eygpt made at the CSEND Dialogue Forum in Geneva, July 2008.

The presentation explored how career guidance can support education, training and employment policies that address the  the hot economic and social issues faced by Middle East and North African (MENA ) and European countries. The objectives of the presentation were to:

􀂃 Shed light on Career Guidance’s links with Human Resource Development

(HRD) issues in the Middle Eastern and North African region (MENA);

􀂃 Discuss the possible role of career guidance in supporting development

strategies in the MENA region;

􀂃 Define a forward looking role of MENA governments in introducing career

guidance;

􀂃

Identify possible support for such developmental objectives
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