UZBEKISTAN: REVIEW OF LABOUR MARKET PROGRAMMES
A 2017 Asian Development Bank consultant review of labour market information in Uzbekistan found that limited resources and information are available to assist youth and adults make informed career decisions.
Existing resources include career orientation programs in Grades 8-9, student visits to Specialized Secondary Colleges, and some Colleges have individual web sites and printed materials summarizing their offerings. Job and Education Fairs are organized by Ministry of Higher and Specialized Secondary Education, Colleges, and the Ministry of Labour and include access to job vacancy listings at the Employment Service. But more refined career guidance services including: (I) simple aptitude and interest assessments, (ii) linkages to easily understood labor market information (i.e. occupational descriptions, working conditions, wage ranges, labor market demand, and (iii) related education and training programs for direct use by youth and adults are not available as they are in OECD, many upper middle income countries, and some transition economies. These information systems are commonly available directly via the internet to youth and adults, in schools and colleges and public libraries in upper and middle income countries.
Uzbekistan needs to develop labour market information that easily disseminated and freely available to help youth and adults make initial and later informed career decisions. Uzbekistan has moved from a socialist to democratic model of government and individual citizens are been given increased opportunity and responsibility to make career decisions based on their aptitudes and interests and labor market information. Career information and guidance services support economic efficiency by making the labour market operate more effectively and promote social equity and inclusion. Uzbekistan needs to develop labour market information that is easily disseminated and freely available to help youth and adults make initial and later informed career decisions. In particular for Uzbekistan it was recommended that the government should work undertake an OECD based benchmarking study of career development policies, programmes, and services such as has been completed in over 60 upper and middle income countries. This could guide the further development of Career Guidance policies, programmes, staff, and materials including internet based services which are already being considered by the Ministry of Public Education and Ministry of Labour.
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